Faktor Risiko Kejadian Hepatitis B Pada Ibu Hamil di Kabupaten Luwu Timur

Risk Factors for Hepatitis B Incidence in Pregnant Women in East Luwu District

  • Margaretha Pither Program Pascasarjanan Sekolah Tinggi Ilmu Kesehatan Tamalatea, Makassar
  • Andi Yusuf Program Pascasarjanan Sekolah Tinggi Ilmu Kesehatan Tamalatea, Makassar
  • Rahmawati Aziz Program Pascasarjanan Sekolah Tinggi Ilmu Kesehatan Tamalatea, Makassar
Keywords: Faktor risiko, hepatitis B, ibu hamil

Abstract

Latar Belakang: Infeksi hepatitis B (HBV) pada ibu hamil telah menjadi perhatian dunia karena penularan yang paling sering terjadi di seluruh dunia, terutama pada daerah-daerah endemis, yaitu penularan dari ibu ke anak pada masa prepartum atau perinatal dengan risiko tertular infeksi hepatitis B (HBV) pada anak lebih dari 90%.

Metode: Penelitian ini merupakan penelitian kuantitatif menggunakan metode analitik observasional dengan desain case control study. Populasi dalam penelitian ini yaitu seluruh ibu hamil yang mengikuti layanan Antenatal Care selama periode Januari – Maret 2021 di fasilitas kesehatan Kabupaten Luwu Timur. Penentuan besar sampel dengan cara “Total Sampling” untuk kelompok kasus yaitu sebanyak 50 responden dengan perbandingan kelompok kasus dan kelompok kontrol yaitu 1 : 1. Pemeriksaan HbsAg menggunakan alat Rapid Diagnostic Test (RDT). Data yang diperoleh, diolah dan dianalisis secara bivariat dengan uji chi-square dan analisis multivariat dengan uji regresi logistik menggunakan Aplikasi SPSS.

Hasil: Uji statistik menunjukkan bahwa tingkat pendidikan (p-value = 0,027; OR = 2,705; IK 95%: 1,197-6,113), paritas (p-value = 0,023; OR = 2,846; IK 95%: 1,228-6,697), dan pasangan seksual (p-value = 0,031; OR = 9,333; IK 95%: 1,121-77,704) merupakan faktor risiko kejadian hepatitis B pada ibu hamil. Sedangkan kelompok umur (p-value = 0,177) dan jenis pekerjaan (p-value = 0,059) tidak menjadi faktor risiko kejadian hepatitis B pada ibu hamil.

Kesimpulan: Tingkat pendidikan, paritas, dan pasangan seksual merupakan faktor risiko kejadian hepatitis B pada ibu hamil. Diantara semua faktor risiko yang ditemukan, pasangan seksual merupakan faktor yang paling berisiko terhadap kejadian hepatitis B pada ibu hamil di Kabupaten Luwu Timur tahun 2021 (p-value = 0,022; OR: 12,920; IK 95%: 1,440-115,894)

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Published
2021-09-08
How to Cite
Pither, M., Yusuf, A., & Aziz, R. (2021). Faktor Risiko Kejadian Hepatitis B Pada Ibu Hamil di Kabupaten Luwu Timur: Risk Factors for Hepatitis B Incidence in Pregnant Women in East Luwu District. MPPKI (Media Publikasi Promosi Kesehatan Indonesia): The Indonesian Journal of Health Promotion, 4(3), 432-438. https://doi.org/10.31934/mppki.v4i4.1629
Section
Research Article