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Submission Preparation Checklist

As part of the submission process, authors are required to check off their submission's compliance with all of the following items, and submissions may be returned to authors that do not adhere to these guidelines.
  • Please ensure that the submitted article is in English language, in Microsoft Word document format, and written in clear and proficient English
  • The submission has not been previously published, nor is it before another journal for consideration (or an explanation has been provided in Comments to the Editor).
  • The author is willing to follow the entire editing process until the manuscript is declared as accepted or rejected for publication. If you wish to discontinue the process, the Author should notify the editor with an email for article withdrawal.
  • The text adheres to the stylistic and bibliographic requirements outlined in the Author Guidelines.
  • The manuscript has composed of an introduction, research methods, results and discussion, and conclusions. See Specific Instruction in Author Guidelines.
  • If you use the fast track review facility, please contact via email to the editor in chief: Fast Track Review is a special service for selected manuscripts to get a response from reviewers as quickly as possible. The author will receive a response from the reviewer within a maximum of seven days after the service request. However, this service does not guarantee that a manuscript will be accepted for publication.

Author Guidelines

Writing Format

  • Paper: A4
  • Margins: Narrow
  • Font: Times New Roman
  • Font Size:
    • Title: 15 (maximum 15 words)
    • Author's Name, Affiliation, and Email: 11
    • Abstract and Entire Article: 11
  • Abstract: Must be written with a minimum of 250 words and a maximum of 300 words
  • Keywords: Minimum of 3 words

Please adhere to the provided template format for all submissions. Please Download Template Article

Guide to citation:

In the Vancouver citation style, authors include reference numbers in square brackets after sentences that cite or refer to specific sources, following the order of references in the bibliography. Multiple citations are delineated by separating reference numbers with commas, while citations within tables or figures are accompanied by reference numbers beneath them and explanatory notes elucidating the respective references. At the end of the article, the bibliography is compiled in the sequence of reference numbers cited in the text, with each reference number guiding readers to the corresponding entry in the bibliography. Adhering to these guidelines, authors can perform citations in the Vancouver style accurately and consistently.

Example: The prevalence of obesity has been steadily increasing worldwide [1]. Previous studies have indicated a strong association between sedentary lifestyle and obesity [2,3]. These findings are consistent with recent research conducted by Smith et al. [4]."

Introduction: The introduction of a research paper sets the stage by presenting the topic and context of the study. It aims to engage readers, provide background information, and outline the research problem or question. In this section, the researcher introduces the significance of the topic, discusses relevant literature, identifies gaps in existing knowledge, and states the research objectives.
Objective: The objective section articulates the specific goals and aims of the research. It delineates what the researcher intends to achieve through the study and clarifies the purpose behind conducting the research. Clear and well-defined objectives guide the research process, helping researchers stay focused and ensuring that the study addresses relevant issues effectively.
Method: The method section outlines the procedures and techniques employed to conduct the research. It describes the research design, participant selection criteria, data collection methods, and data analysis techniques. This section provides transparency and reproducibility, enabling other researchers to understand and potentially replicate the study.
Result: The result section presents the findings of the research in a clear and systematic manner. It reports the outcomes of data analysis, including any statistical analyses performed. Results are often presented using tables, figures, or graphs to enhance clarity and facilitate interpretation. This section objectively presents the empirical evidence obtained from the study without interpretation or speculation.
Conclusion: The conclusion section summarizes the key findings of the research and discusses their implications. It reflects on how the results contribute to addressing the research problem or question identified in the introduction. Additionally, the conclusion may highlight any limitations of the study and suggest avenues for future research. Overall, it provides closure to the research paper by synthesizing the main findings and reinforcing the study's significance.

Keywords: Keywords1; Keywords2; Keywords3; Keywords4

Introduce your research/study theme clearly and explain the public health issue you intend to investigate. Subsequently, provide a summary of the literature review you have conducted. Explain important studies, relevant theories, or recent findings related to your research/study topic. Next, elucidate the rationale or reasons why your research/study needs to be conducted. Describe the significance of your research/study in the context of public health and identify existing knowledge gaps. Convey your research/study objectives clearly and in detail. Explain what you aim to achieve through this research. Ensure these paragraphs are interconnected, well-structured, and logically flowing to provide a comprehensive and robust background of your research.

Explanation of the type of research utilized (quantitative, qualitative, or mixed) and the chosen research design. Population and Sample/Informants: Explanation of the subjects studied and the sampling techniques employed. Instrumentation or Tools: Explanation of the instruments, tools, or questionnaires used in data collection. Data Collection Procedures: Explanation of the steps taken to gather data, including data collection techniques and procedures employed. Data analysis methods used to process the collected data, such as descriptive statistics, inferential analysis, or qualitative analysis.
For a Review Article, it is essential to explain the methodology employed, such as utilizing the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) framework. Additionally, it is necessary to present a Flow Chart illustrating the process of filtering articles for review. The PRISMA framework provides a structured approach for conducting systematic reviews and meta-analyses. It consists of a checklist and flow diagram designed to ensure transparent reporting and comprehensive synthesis of research findings. By adhering to PRISMA guidelines, researchers can systematically search, select, and evaluate relevant studies, thereby minimizing bias and enhancing the reliability of the review. The Flow Chart visually depicts the step-by-step process of identifying, screening, and selecting articles for inclusion in the review. It outlines the initial number of articles identified through database searches, screening based on predefined criteria (e.g., relevance to research question, study design), and the final number of articles included in the review. The Flow Chart provides transparency regarding the article selection process and helps readers understand the rigor of the review methodology. In summary, for a Review Article, it is crucial to describe the methodology, including the use of frameworks like PRISMA, and to present a Flow Chart illustrating the article selection process. These components contribute to the transparency, reliability, and credibility of the review, enabling readers to assess the validity of the findings and conclusions.


Qualitative Research
In qualitative research, the "results" section serves to present findings and in-depth analysis derived from the obtained data. You need to describe in detail how qualitative data has been interpreted and identify patterns, themes, or frameworks emerging from the analysis. Include direct quotes from participants or case examples that represent your findings. Avoid excessive generalizations and ensure to relate the results to research questions and relevant theories.

Quantitative Research
In quantitative research, the " results " section aims to systematically present findings based on quantitative data analysis. You should present the results of each analytical step in detail, including descriptive and inferential statistics. Use tables, graphs, or diagrams to illustrate findings visually. Be sure to explain interpretations and implications of the analysis accurately and relate them to the research hypotheses.

Review Articles
In review articles, the " results " section provides an overview of findings from the studies reviewed. You need to organize findings into groups based on specific themes or topics, then present the results systematically. Avoid overly deep evaluation or interpretation of each reviewed study, but focus on presenting relevant information clearly and succinctly. Use tables or diagrams if necessary to summarize findings efficiently.

In all types of articles, ensure to present results objectively and transparently, avoiding bias, and relating them back to the research objectives or research questions posed. Communicate your findings clearly and relevantly to help readers understand the contribution and implications of your research.

The " discussion " section of a scientific article is paramount in elucidating the interpretation of research findings, contextualizing them within the existing body of research, and delineating their implications for the field of public health, including health promotion and behavioral science. Herein lies an opportunity to delve deeply into the significance of the results obtained, emphasizing their relevance to the research questions or objectives at hand. This discussion extends to the relationship between the findings and prior research endeavors, aiming to uncover similarities, differences, or contradictions that contribute to a broader understanding of the topic. By examining these connections, we can discern how our study both fills gaps and extends upon the existing knowledge base, thereby enriching the discourse within the field.
Furthermore, the " discussion " section prompts reflection on the practical implications of the research findings for public health practice and behavioral science. It invites consideration of how the results might inform the development of health promotion strategies, interventions, or policy decisions aimed at improving health outcomes and addressing public health challenges. In this regard, the discussion serves as a bridge between research and practice, fostering dialogue and collaboration between researchers and practitioners in the pursuit of shared goals.
Additionally, a critical evaluation of the study's strengths and limitations is integral to the " discussion " section. By acknowledging the methodological rigor, validity, and reliability of the research design and data collection methods, we can provide readers with confidence in the integrity of the findings. Simultaneously, an honest appraisal of any limitations or constraints encountered during the study, such as sample size or methodological challenges, ensures transparency and fosters a nuanced understanding of the research process.
Finally, the "discussion" section offers a roadmap for future research endeavors by providing recommendations based on the findings and limitations of the current study. By identifying areas in need of further investigation and proposing potential research questions or methodologies, we can guide future research endeavors, contributing to the ongoing advancement of knowledge within the field. In essence, the " discussion " section serves as a culmination of the research process, synthesizing findings, reflecting on their implications, and charting a course for future inquiry.

In crafting the conclusion for a scientific journal article, it is paramount to consolidate the main findings and their implications succinctly. This entails addressing the research questions posed at the outset and evaluating the extent to which the study has addressed them. Reflecting on the broader significance of the findings within the relevant field of study is crucial, highlighting their potential impact on understanding or practices. Additionally, an honest appraisal of the study's strengths and limitations should be provided, elucidating aspects that bolster the credibility of the research as well as acknowledging any constraints that may have influenced the interpretation of the findings. Furthermore, offering recommendations for future research endeavors based on the insights gained from the current study is imperative, guiding the direction for further exploration or refinement. Striving for clarity and conciseness, while maintaining objectivity and evidence-based reasoning, ensures that the conclusion serves as a cogent synthesis of the research outcomes, effectively concluding the scholarly discourse.

In crafting recommendations for a scientific journal article, it is imperative for authors to offer insightful and actionable suggestions that build upon the findings of the study. Recommendations should be rooted in the conclusions drawn from the research, addressing specific areas for improvement or further exploration. Authors should consider the broader implications of their findings and propose concrete steps or strategies for future research, policy development, or practical applications. Additionally, recommendations should be supported by evidence and aligned with the objectives of the study, offering valuable insights for advancing knowledge and informing decision-making within the relevant field of study. It is essential for authors to convey their recommendations clearly and concisely, ensuring that they resonate with the target audience and contribute meaningfully to ongoing discourse and practice in the field.

In creating a bibliography following the Vancouver style, authors should adhere to specific guidelines for accurately referencing scholarly articles. Utilizing reference management software such as Mendeley can streamline this process significantly. Begin by organizing references alphabetically based on the last name of the first author. Each reference should include the author(s)' surname followed by their initials, the title of the article, the abbreviated name of the journal (in italics), the publication year, the volume, the issue (in parentheses), and finally, the page numbers. When referencing online articles with a DOI, ensure to include the DOI at the end of the citation. For articles without a DOI, include the URL or provide details on how to access the article. Aim to include a minimum of 20 references, with at least 80% being complete journal articles with DOIs. Ensure consistency in formatting and accuracy in citation details to uphold the integrity and professionalism of the bibliography.

It's important to ensure that the references used in your work are accurate and properly cited according to the Vancouver style guidelines.

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