Author Guidelines

In submitting manuscripts to the International Journal of Health, Economics, and Social Sciences (IJHESS), authors should take special note that manuscripts must conform to all International Journal of Health, Economics, and Social Sciences (IJHESS) styles requirements. Authors should follow the requirements for citations and references, figures, and tables. The manuscripts that do not follow the requirement of the International Journal of Health, Economics and Social Sciences (IJHESS)style may be returned to authors for modification.

All papers submitted to the journal should be written in Indonesia. The work should not have been published or submitted for publication elsewhere, and free plagiarism. All articles submitted will be conducted plagiarism checking through the Turnitin software program.

Authors should arrange manuscript based on Download Template Article

Manuscript Heading, Font, and Spacing

Manuscripts should be typed using word processors (Microsoft Word or Open Office) software. The font used throughout the paper is Times New Roman. The paper size is A4 (i.e., 210 x 297 mm), one-column format with a 2.5 cm for all margins, 1.5 spaced, except the title and abstract use one space. and limited up to 13 pages Page numbers should be included in the text located in the footer section of each page. Use of pronouns such as I, we, etc are to be avoided.

All scientific articles were carried out checking for plagiarism using the TURNITIN software after the journal received a review from the reviewer. The results of plagiarism checking through TURNITIN software are a maximum of 20%.

Manuscripts submitted to this journal should follow the heading below: Title; Authors Name; Authors Affiliation; Abstract; Keywords; Introduction; Method; Results; Discussion; Conclusions; Acknowledgments (optional); and References. 

Paper Title

This is your opportunity to attract the reader’s attention. Remember that readers are the potential authors who will cite your article. Identify the main issue of the paper. Begin with the subject of the paper. The title is written in Bahasa Indonesia. The title should be accurate, unambiguous, specific, complete, and not be a summarization of results or conclusion but describe the research or topic of the paper. Do not contain infrequently-used abbreviations.

The title of the paper should be in 16 pt bold Times New Roman and be centered. The title should have 0 pts space above and 16 pts below. Upright, Max. 14 Words, Bold, Space One, Capital Letter Every Word Beginning

Authors Name and Affiliations

Write Author(s) names without title and professional positions such as Prof, Dr, Production Manager, etc. Do not abbreviate your last/family name. Always give your First and Last names. Write clear affiliation of all Authors. Affiliation includes the name of department/unit, (faculty), name of the university, address, country. Please indicate Corresponding Author (include an address for mailing service, telephone number, e-mail address, and mobile phone number) by adding K (K) in superscript before the name.

Author names should be in 10 pt Times Roman bold with 10 pts above and 10 pts below. Author addresses are superscripted by numerals and centered over one column of manuscripts. Author affiliations should be in 10 pt Times Roman. The body of the text should commence 2 lines (24 points) below the last address.


The Abstract is written in  English and Bahasa Indonesia with a word limitation of 100 to 250 words. It should be prepared in one paragraph covers introduction (1-2 sentences), objectives (1 sentence), method (3-5 sentences), results (3-5 sentences), conclusions (1 sentence) made in 1 (one) paragraph.


At least 3 words up to 5 words (capital letters only found in the first keyword, separated by semicolons (;) and not ending periods in the last keyword). For instance: Health Literacy; Health Education

Main Text

Manuscript content, in general, should be organized in the following order: TitleAuthors NameAuthors AffiliationAbstractKeywordsIntroductionMethodsResultsDiscussionConclusionsAcknowledgment; and References (Acknowledgement are optional in the text). The pages of the manuscript must be numbered consecutively, starting from the title page.


The introduction contains the urgency and background of the research problem described by the inverted pyramid method starting from the global, national, and local levels. Include references (literature or relevant research results) by using the source number in each sentence after the period (.) Adjusted to the Bibliography, for example, Cashew HO Research, et al., 2016 health education through mobile health can increase the knowledge of pregnant women about the consumption of Fe.1 tablets

The introduction contains a general background review and literature review (state of the art), try a minimum of 5 reviewed pieces of literature that can justify the novelty or novelty, or uniqueness of this study compared to previous studies (usually 2-3 paragraphs).

The number of pages in the introduction is 1-1.5 pages written using Times New Roman 10 points (upright) with 1.0 spaces. Each paragraph begins with an indentation of 1 cm. The final part of the introduction must state the purpose of the study.

Authors should provide an adequate background, and very short literature survey in order to record the existing solutions/method, to show which is the best of previous researches, to show the main limitation of the previous researches, to show what do you hope to achieve (to solve the limitation), and to show the scientific merit or novelties of the paper. Avoid a detailed literature survey or a summary of the results. The authors should state the objectives of the work at the end of the introduction section.


This section explains the types of research including quantitative or qualitative research, qualitative research such as case studies, phenomenology, ethnography, etc., needs to add a description of checking the validity of research results. Quantitative research explains the location and time of research, population and sample, sampling techniques, data collection techniques, data analysis, and data presentation. Research that uses tools and materials, needs to write the specifications of the tools and materials used. Writing using Times New Roman 10 points (upright) with a space of 1.0. Each paragraph begins with an indentation of 1 cm and may not use organizing writing into the "sub-title children" in this section. Shown in 1-2 paragraphs.


The results section describes the characteristics of the research subjects, univariate analysis, bivariate analysis, and multivariate analysis (if any). The results obtained from research must be supported by adequate data. The results of the study must be answers to the problems and research objectives stated earlier in the introduction. Writing using Times New Roman 10 points (upright) with a space of 1.0. Each paragraph begins with an indentation of 1 cm and may use organizing writing into sub-headings for each variable, as well as sub-headings in the Bold and at the beginning of words using capital letters, CANNOT USE BULLETS OR NUMBERS. If you choose a table as a data presentation tool, please select an open table (only use horizontal lines), table position: middle, sentence position: middle, title position: top middle.

Results are research findings and should be clear and concise without opinions. Table and Figures are put in the result. It should be limited up to six tables or pictures with a short title. Table/Figure should be typed in a single space and be numbered consecutively according to the appearance in the text.

Tables are sequentially numbered with the table title and number above the table. Tables should be centered in the column OR on the page. Tables should be followed by a line space (10pt). Elements of a table should be single-spaced, however, double spacing can be used to show groupings of data or to separate parts within the table.  Table headings should be in 10pt bold. Tables are referred to in the text by the table number. Do not show vertical lines in the table. There is only a horizontal line that should be shown within the table.

If you choose drawing as a data presentation tool such as diagrams, graphic images, photographs, etc .; please select the JPG extension, image position: center, title position: bottom center. Figures are sequentially numbered commencing at 1 with the figure title and number. Detailed recommendations for figures are to ensure that figures are clear and legible with typed letterings, Black & white or colored figures are allowed, and do not show borderline in the figure.


The discussion section contains reasons that explain the results of research and other studies that support and are not in line with the results of the research obtained. It IS NOT ALLOWED to use the same sentence like the one listed in the results section and NOT ALLOWED to re-read the analysis tables and graphs. However, results can be grouped to be interpreted and discussed based on theory and the results of previous studies. Writing using Times New Roman 10 points (upright) with a space of 1.0. Each paragraph begins with 1 cm indentation and may use organizing writing into sub-headings for each variable, as well as sub-headings in the Bold and at the beginning of words using capital letters, CANNOT USE A BULLET OR NUMBER.

The discussion should explore the significance of the results of the work, not repeat them. A combined Results and Discussion section is often appropriate. Avoid extensive citations and discussion of published literature. In discussion, it is the most important section of your article. Here you get the chance to sell your data. Make the discussion corresponding to the results, but do not reiterate the results. Often should begin with a brief summary of the main scientific findings (not experimental results).

The following components should be covered in discussion: How do your results relate to the original question or objectives outlined in the Introduction section (what)? Do you provide an interpretation scientifically for each of your results or findings presented (why)? Are your results consistent with what other investigators have reported (what else)? Or are there any differences?


The conclusion contains a summary of the description of the results and discussion with reference to the research objectives. Suggestions are based on the research findings discussed. Conclusions should be answers to research questions, and not expressed in statistical sentences. The explanation is in the form of flowing paragraphs which contain links between one content and another. Use terms that have substantive meaning in the field of science and avoid statistical/methodological technical terms. Suggestions can refer to practical actions, the development of new theories, and/or further research. Writing conclusions and suggestions using Times New Roman 10 points (upright) with a space of 1.0. Each paragraph begins with a 1 cm Indent and CANNOT USE A BULLET OR NUMBER. Shown in 1 paragraph.

Conclusions should answer the objectives of the research. Tells how your work advances the field from the present state of knowledge. Without clear Conclusions, reviewers and readers will find it difficult to judge the work, and whether or not it merits publication in the journal. Do not repeat the Abstract, or just list experimental results. Provide a clear scientific justification for your work, and indicate possible applications and extensions. You should also suggest future experiments and/or point out those that are underway.

Acknowledgments (optional)

Recognize those who helped in the research, especially funding supporters of your research. Include individuals who have assisted you in your study: Advisors, Financial supporters, or many other supporters i.e. Proofreaders, Typists, and Suppliers who may have given materials. Writing a thank you note using Times New Roman 10 point (upright) with a space of 1.0. Each paragraph begins with an indentation of 1 cm.

 References is written according to Vancouver styles. All references used in writing in the References are numbered according to the appearance in the article, NOT ACCURATE. Only lists the literature used and relevant. Reference sources use primary sources such as research articles in scientific journals, research reports or proceedings, articles in books from research results, historical sites, artifacts, and others that are original work. The comparison of primary sources is 80% compared to other sources from the total bibliography and comes from the last 5 years of publication. Articles published in WoH journals are recommended for use as references. The number of references is more than 10 sources. Writing a bibliography uses Times New Roman 10 points (upright) with a space of 1, space after paragraph 10 pt, and before paragraph 0 pt. Each word in the title of the library source starts with a capital letter.

Please use Reference Manager Applications like EndNote, Mendeley, Zotero, etc. Cite only scientific publications that you read and current journal references. Write the six of author's last name and first name initials, remain authors be followed by "et al (et al)". The reference number must be numbered consecutively. The first letter of reference titles should be written with a capital letter, the rest lowercase, except the name of the person, place, and time. The title should not be underlined and in bold letters.