Indonesian Research Journal in Legal Studies (IRJILS) provides a vital forum for exchanging ideas to enrich theories, policies, and practices of legal studies in Indonesia. IRJILS is open access and peer-reviewed e-journal, published in Indonesia. We accept unpublished, high-quality, and original research manuscripts in English (preferable) or Indonesian, resulting primarily from quantitative, qualitative, and mixed research methodology related to or associated with legal studies. IRJILS also accepts manuscripts resulting from book reviews, program evaluations, and informative articles related to the focus and scope of this journal. IRJILS is published 2 times per year by Program Pascasarjana Universitas Muhammadiyah Palu.